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How Ambient Air Pollution Exposure Relates to Sociodemographic Variables in Pregnant Coloradan Women

Underprivileged groups in North America tend to experience higher rates of air pollution. These increased rates of exposure can be concerning during pregnancy, a time of vulnerability and change, as air pollution exposure may lead to intergenerational health consequences for the mother and her offspring. This study determined how exposure to air pollutants relates to the sociodemographic variables of pregnant Coloradan women. Data from the CARE Project and Colorado’s Department of Public Health & Environment (CDPHE) were used for this study. Participants’ income-to-needs ratio (INR), income level, age, race, ethnicity, and education level were compared to their average exposure to ozone (O3), particulate matter of 10 micrometers or less in diameter (PM10), and particulate matter of 2.5 micrometers or less in diameter (PM2.5) over the course of their pregnancy. While our preliminary analyses have not yielded any significant relationships between these variables, participants still experienced large amounts of air pollution. Future research is needed to explore how pollution exposure impacts intergenerational health.

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